A child’s vision is still developing and can be vulnerable to eye disease. Left untreated, vision issues can lead to long-term harm. We believe in diagnosing and treating problems early to ensure a lifetime of healthy vision. Learn about childhood eye conditions how you can protect their vision with proper screening.
Nearsighted people can see objects up close, but distant objects are a blur.
Astigmatism is a type of refractive error where there is a problem with your eye focusing light. Instead of light converging on a single point on the retina to produce a clear image, there are multiple focus points either in front of the retina or behind it (or both) causing blurry vision. Optometrists are able to determine any astigmatism you may have and write a prescription to correct your refractive error.
Itchy, red, swollen, watery eyes can all be signs of eye allergies. During allergy season, they are often caused by the same irritants that make you sneeze and have a runny nose such as pollen, dust, mould and pet dander. Allergy season starts as early as January and can last until November.
Amblyopia is a vision development problem in infants and young children in which one eye cannot achieve normal visual acuity, even with prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses. In most cases, only one eye is affected but reduced visual acuity can occur in both eyes. If ‘lazy eye’ is detected early in life and properly treated, reduced vision can be avoided. But if left untreated, it can lead to permanent vision loss.
Eye Turn (strabismus) is a failure of the two eyes to maintain proper alignment and as a consequence cannot work together as a team, resulting in double vision. If you have strabismus, one eye looks straight ahead while the other eye looks in a different direction. If your other eye is misaligned inward it is called: esotropia, outward: exotropia, upward: hypertropia, and downward: hypotropia. Detected early in life, an optometrist can correct the double vision through vision therapy and eyeglasses with prisms. If left untreated, your brain will avoid double vision by ignoring the visual input from the misaligned eye, which typically leads to amblyopia or ‘lazy eye’.
Colour blindness is a deficiency in the way one sees colour. Individuals with colour blindness have trouble telling the difference between certain colours, such as blue and yellow or red and green. It is more commonly seen in males and is usually an inherited trait.
Farsighted people are able to see objects at a distance but have poorer vision up close.
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If you’re 20 and under, we recommend having your eyes checked as early as 6 months of age, and once a year after the age of 3. Parents are also welcome to bring their children in any time an eye-related issue is suspected.
A children’s eye exam will take 20 – 30 minutes.
Please bring your child’s OHIP card and current eyeglasses.
We’ll check for the need for eyeglasses, visual skills to allow for single, clear and comfortable vision and general health of the eye.
Children should have their first comprehensive eye exam by 6 months. The next screening should be scheduled around age 3 and just before they enter the kindergarten — at about age 4 or 5. School-aged children should have an eye exam at least every one years if no vision correction is required.